Many are ice cold. But there are few exceptions about it. “Your skin is nice, it’s soft,” is another, which I have mixed feelings about. Weak and hidden. Plant and animal adaptations in the desert As you can see from the climate graph for Kuwait, plants and animals in the desert have to cope with very little water. They are small creatures which have round ears and rectangular heads. My current home has little spritzing sprinklers: I planted groundcovers and lava rock all around, in homage to the Cascades peaks above me. He warred down Europe and lorded over rich rivers all the way to the Mediterranean, where he heard about the famous south city of Rome, filled with plunder. Not at all. Xerocole birds such as storks, New World vultures, and ibis urinate on their legs, while desert tortoises sometimes salivate on their neck and front legs to keep cool. Roadrunners blink the salt away, and survive to run another day. The sand cats are indigenous to Central Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa deserts. These animals have to overcome various challenges including excessive heat and lack of water to thrive in the desert. The Oryx thrive in dry environments and can live without water for a very long time. A male penguin can withstand the cold for over two months while protecting their eggs and they can lose over 26 pounds while waiting for the eggs to hatch. But like toddlers, they know what they’re doing: Those ears circulate plentiful blood close to the skin to cool down, keeping body temperature a few degrees lower. It’s a mammal that has no sweat glands, none at all. Ask anyone. The dogs archetypically lived, but the daily expanse of desolation didn’t forebode much good. “Fun” runs. A xerocole (from Greek x?ros , meaning 'dry', and Latin col(ere), meaning 'to inhabit'), commonly referred to as a desert animal, is an animal adapted to live in the desert. Since they have no nesting sites which adults can use to locate their chicks or partners, they rely on their vocals. They lie to the world every day, to cheat a living. The city had high walls and to Vikings the weather was hot as Hell, but they didn’t want to give up. Captain Scott tried to paint his team’s deaths in as brave a light as possible. These gazelles can be found in East Africa where they thrive in an open grass plain and also in the shrublands. The camel (a xerocole) is an excellent example of adaptation to desert life. They have a small pigeon-like neck and head with a sturdy, compact body. The most famous creatures of the desert are the cute ones, the fennec fox, the jackrabbit, and the twitchy mule deer. “You have beautiful eyes,” is one, which I like and don’t mind repeating. He wanted to find the South Pole first, so he set off to the wastelands with massive sleds and ponies and packs of dogs. The kidneys of a fennec fox are adapted to retain water and prevent dehydration. It feels manly, I suppose. Desert animals, also known as Xerocoles, are the mammals which are adapted to living in the desert. Similarly, many rodents and marsupials lick themselves to spread saliva, though this only remains effective for a short time, and requires the fur to become very damp. The male Sandgrouses are much more brightly colored and bigger than the females. So Bjorn cheated. Desert larks breed in semi-deserts and deserts of western India and Morocco. Where to distrust and avoid. Meerkats have adapted to living in the harsh desert environment. The East African Oryx are closely related to the gemsbok, and neither of them is threatened. Jerboa live in a tougher Saharan desert, where it gets to 130 degrees Fahrenheit, easily. Jerboas look like miniature kangaroos since they both have long tails, very short forelegs, and long hind legs. --------- … The Scimitar Oryx are currently extinct in the wild, with small populations living in New Mexico and Texas in wild ranches. These antelopes were first described in 1816 by Henri Blainville. Everyone brought thick sleeping bags lined with the skin and fur of reindeer. I regularly looked down, in surprise. In your 20s, you move around a lot and home is mostly by smell. They are mostly omnivorous, and they are closely related to the rats and mice which belong to the Muridae family. The most common desert rats in the wild are the kangaroo rats. Mostly, they honed the waters and vented the eddies into impossible places to make what they wanted. They have a layer of down feathers on their underside which helps insulate them in extreme conditions. I was an idiot. The head-body length in both sexes is about 51in with a 13.5in tail. The Scimitar Oryx does not have the dark markings on their legs; instead, they only have some faint rings on their head with an ochre neck and decurved horns. And in every Bedouin vision there is a constant lambent line to the next dry river bed, the next small cliff, the next stone that leads to an oasis—like rivulets running across the desert. I don’t sweat too much hiking in the desert, not really. African desert. You never know what’s coming. These birds resemble the Bar-tailed lark in appearance, but they are larger with a less doomed head, longer tails, broader beaks, and stouter legs. Arid birds don’t have sweat glands at all, but they flap the inside of their throats to cool the blood. The main challenges they must overcome are lack of water and excessive heat. Their horns have 2 or 3 twists with the mid and lower portions of the horns marked by a series of over thirty-five ring-shaped ridges.They have a short tail which has a black hair puff at the end. Video of … Really: they dig down and surround themselves in a thick jelly skin, then hibernate for as much as seven years at a time until they lurch up and surprise everyone. All very serious. Harsh under my shoes when I go out, but soft and cloven under the deer with vast ears. I’m going to talk about Vikings now: You think they don’t know deserts? Along the roads of Nevada, it is very common to spot small, furious bundles of brown feathers darting on and off the asphalt, breathless. Perhaps a light blanket. It’s natural. Xerocole birds such as storks, New World vultures, and ibis urinate on their legs, while desert tortoises sometimes salivate on their neck and front legs to keep cool. The main problems these animals face are very little water to drink, and a very hot environment. Find out how on … But he was no pagan, no. Currently, a large number of Arabian Oryx still exists in United Arab Emirates (Sir Bani Yas Island). 2. The broken brown ground, away from towns, gives a baked and dead spice smell, a smell that warns you on hot days. They see two. They lie to … They don’t. The little rabbit-rats have especially powerful, long back legs, even longer proportionally than the kangaroo, which make them look a little like tiny ostriches and very much like creatures that should not technically exist. During the cold seasons, they tend to grow a whitish coat while shedding their brown furs while retaining their black-tipped tail. They cheat by occupying cacti in the Nevada deserts, unilaterally. Although I also have tattoos, which hurt once like a cat-scratch, and then rarely burn again. They weigh about 15ounces and can attain a maximum length of 13in with a 5in tail. Even without sprinklers, without the right biology, this feels like home. KRs pee acid, too. If desert communities use groundwater faster than it is replenished, water shortages can occur. They lie, and biology believes them. Addax antelopes have a lifespan of about nineteen years. People think of the Aborigine people as magically surviving under red Australian sands with zero water. We'll focus here on broad adaptations shared by several different species. Pteroclidae is composed of 16 species which are classified into two genera. That’s all it takes. 5. It shattered and a shard pierced my calf. Yakutsk, Russia – The World’s Coldest City, 10 Of The Most Notorious Serial Killers In The World. The creatures burn there, and live. The Grant's gazelles adapted to the dry and semiarid areas. A xerocole (from Greek xēros / ˈzɪroʊs / 'dry', and Latin col (ere) 'to inhabit'), commonly referred to as a desert animal, is an animal adapted to live in the desert. You can always tell when you’re sunburnt, in the shower: When the water prickles strangely as it washes sweat away. Jerboas thrive in hot deserts, and when chased they can hop at about 15mph. They usually use their tails to balance when hopping and also as a prop while sitting. Desert Dwellers! These animals have elongated snouts which have bellow-like muscles where blood passes through thus controlling their temperature. Because humans have to make everything about themselves, we called them roadrunners, but that’s not even the most interesting thing about these little birds. The secret is those big flappy ears, irresistible and awkward, like a toddler trying way too hard. Greedy on water, they (the plants) grow up and overtake the rocks every year. Waiting for rain, like a mummy waits for British explorers. But we—we living creatures—we lie right back, and just good enough. I remember this, not only because of the tidy white scar that women sometimes notice, but also because of how much it bled. The opinion whether the bodies of mammals and birds can adapt to different kinds of climate is not supported by any evidences. And the dew and mist, the fey things, trickle down into their thorny skin and drip along fractal lines in their skin. It only lives up to the name in one way: It has horny, mishmash scales that sprout up all over its body. Sandgrouse is a common name for a group of birds which belong to the Pteroclidae family. The desert lies about time. These animals concentrate excretions while avoiding evaporations to conserve water. Where to embrace and share tea. By balancing carefully on every S, the sidewinders make sure only two parts of their body touch the sand, so their cold-blooded blood stays cool as long as possible. Beep beep. A matter of perspective. Plus, the cactus houses water and protects them. They are ornamental plants which are used for home 7. The sand cats weigh about 7.5lb, and their head-body length is about 20in. Desert insects writhe up waxen layers to keep moisture inside, like reverse shedding. Little trails sparkling quick in the sunset. Those deserts barely have enough water to fight over, so that means tactics: The roadrunner weeps. They have a black head and dorsal side which is sharply delineated from their pale-yellow breast, white belly, and bright-yellowish ear patches. If they stay grounded, they burn. In the evening, a rapid discourse between the highest cacti prongs will single out the best real estate, and who holds it. Arctic weasels feed on birds, rodents, carrion, and rabbits among other small animals. The name Dik-dik refers to all the four small antelope species which belong to the Madoqua genus that thrives in the bushlands of southern and eastern Africa. Their feathers are sandy in color with their lower belly being whitish. Their upper parts vary in color, but most of them are pale grayish brown. When I first moved here, I hated it, these broken vistas between bare plains and straggling zombie trees. Adaptations: How do animals survive in the desert Behavioral adaptations Since the temperatures below the surface are much cooler than above it, many of the small to medium-sized animals living in the desert dig burrows to spend the hot daytime hours, only coming out during the night. Roots, irrigation, man-made oases, all at once. Theirin a The city was…surprised when Ironside leaped from the pallet, threw his men the weapons hidden under his shroud, and overtook the whole town. These animals have to overcome various challenges including excessive heat and lack of water to thrive in the desert. We are xerocole. I pull them out by handfuls, careless, overburdened in green. Adaptations Desert tortoise can live without consuming water for more than a year. Time for a, “They don’t give a shit” joke, or maybe something about holy communion, but I’m too impressed. Best of Both Worlds: Simultaneous High-Light and Shade-Tolerance Adaptations within Individual Leaves of the Living Stone Lithops aucampiae. The genus Oryx is made up of 4 large antelopes known as Oryxes. I am quite white. Under the stars, those mind-paths shine. They germinate, grow, flower, and release seeds within the brief period (6-8 weeks) when water is available and temperatures … Once upon a time, there was a Viking warlord called Bjorn Ironside. Other people found Australia, and they were what you might call white hats. Kiddopedia team brings you the desert animal documentary to teach desert … Most of these animals are either crepuscular or nocturnal. Their 48 in dark plumage fades to brown during the Arctic summer. Anastamos is a literary journal with a focus on graduate work. No, really. Some desert animals have water-sacs in their stomach walls, as in camel. They just…abide. Each issue explores the intersections that can be found within a single topic, weaving together the diversity of the human experience. Likewise, many rodents and marsupials lick themselves to There is little to no free water in the desert homes of fennec foxes. The sleds died. It will beat you to dust with flimflam, if you let it. But like xerocole, we do use blood to survive. Xerocole birds such as storks, New World vultures, and ibis urinate on their legs, while desert tortoises sometimes salivate on their neck and front legs to keep cool. Humans actually eat blood, of course (puddings and cakes and soup), but not in the desert. Then he fell silent again, quite content with a list that would kill nearly any other human on the planet. Their tails are usually longer than their head-body length with a cluster of white hair at the tip. They have longer tails and a fur-lined pouch where they store food. They have a characterized broad, flat head, 12.2in tail and short legs. Desert spiders, mites and insects secrete a waxy layer over … Another story: Many scientists once assumed African frogs die in the summer. The sun and dunes lie to you, but stars always show the right path. What Are the Adaptations of Hyenas? Similarly, many rodents and marsupials lick themselves to spread saliva, though this only remains effective for a short time, and requires the fur to become very damp. It is densely branched and doesn't need pruning to maintain its shape. All mammalian xerocole do. A xerocole (from Modern Greek xēros /ˈzɪroʊs/, meaning 'dry', and Latin col (ere), meaning 'to inhabit'), is an animal adapted to live in the desert. The lower parts of their body including flanks, chest, belly, and legs are tan while the upper-body is grayish brown. My skin burns when I walked shirtless in the hot dust. Then the Aborigine started, uh, dying off. This is another adaptation for meerkats. 2020, our lives are destined for beauty, not only with the passage of time, but with the spread of love. Desert animals and desert animal sounds for children to learn. So, the city priests let them inside, and the Norse poured in, carrying their dying leader, who was bleeding out on a pallet (some say he pretended to be fully dead, lying in a casket). A type of desert lizard is called the horny devil. the letters i can’t see them, they are to lighter. “For God’s sake, look after our people!” was his final journal line. Ephemeral annualsare also called as ‘drought evaders’ or ‘drought escapers’. Hidey holes to nest and mate. You know home because the sheets and seats smell like yours. Kangaroo rats are nocturnal, and they prefer staying in their burrows during the day. To ask them, “Where are we?” is almost a useless question, because “where” is a vast equation in the mind, constantly flickering. While they will drink water when it's available, they can survive long periods on only the moisture from what they eat and, possibly, dew that collects inside their burrows. The owls are tiny enough to perch on the cacti spines and peck into the sweet green flesh until they hollow out a little home-hole. Some of them have both stripes and spots, while others have either and others have none. It did not end well. The Grant’s gazelle is a gazelle species which is distributed from Lake Victoria to the Kenyan coast and from Ethiopia to South Sudan. Their thinly furred feet help them survive in extreme desert conditions. Previously they were classified under the Alauda genus, but they were later moved to Ammomanes. Their legs churn in winking flashes, like a Vegas trick. You can contact him @CaptainWords to learn more or offer him an amazing book deal. They excrete a dry metabolic waste product in the form of uric acid and guanine so that water loss is minimal. The Aborigine are underwhelmed by that distinction. The female Grant’s gazelle weighs up to 110 pounds while the male weighs about 180 pounds. Also, like scars and mud runs, it impresses the girls, and I’m not above building a nest. Creatures step on burnt dust, across those undead juniper trees and bleak tumbleweeds. Plants have evolved many adaptions for surviving the rigors of the desert. The Norwegians won the race to the South Pole, because of course they did. Fennec foxes dwell in the sandy Sahara and elsewhere in North Africa. They can grow up to a maximum length of approximately 6.7in. They have a grey nape and a crown plus a white supercilium and black eye stripe. These animals concentrate excretions while avoiding evaporations to conserve … Little old KR, while all other rats sweat, cheats. But for teammate, Titus Oates, the Captain didn’t need to try: As the British children learn, Oates, while dying of fever, stood up one morning and walked through the tent flaps into the blizzard, never to be seen again. I moved from the coast, and could not imagine a place being beautiful without water. There we learned blood is better left in precious animals as long as possible—and it’s too salty to be much good anyway. You could say they hacked the desert. Arctic weasels have short legs, and their hind legs are way longer than the front ones. The primary threat to their survival is poaching and habitat destruction. The cream-colored coursers have long wings and legs, with a down-curved bill. The kidneys of desert mammals are also better adapted at reabsorbing water from the tubular fluid: though there are fewer glomeruli, the xerocole has larger juxtamedullary glomeruli than cortical glomeruli (the former playing an important role in concentrating urine), whereas the opposite is true for non-xerocoles. Suddenly you know where you are. Rivulets ran into my sock all afternoon, and I didn’t feel a thing. It looks exhausting and edgy, but it’s smart. Then, in the morning, they stand statue-still at the top of outcroppings and hills, like little cathedrals. Gerbil, also known as a desert rat is made up of over 110 rat species which live in Asia, India, and Africa, plus this includes jirds and sand rats. The reptiles and some insects are pre-adapted to the hot desert ecosystem. Where to sleep and sigh. But the Songs of Har say, “A blind man is better than a burnt one, ay / Of what gain is a good man dead?”. His men gathered at the gates and begged clemency. The British team froze to death trying to retreat…but in the most British way possible. Their upper breast and ear patches are bright yellow. They all died, in the end. It sweats the secrets one by one, vastly, and steals hours under your nose. The hair on their crown can form an upright tuft which helps conceal the short horns on the males. If Jerboas have a great hearing which they use to detect a predator, and they have a lifespan of about six years. Both male and females are similar in size, and they weigh about 99 pounds and can attain a height of up to 48 in. The creatures burn there, and live. One of the Oryxes is native to the Arabian Peninsula while the other three are indigenous to parts of Africa. One curious group of travelers asked their Bedouin guide, “If you were crossing the desert by yourself, what would you bring?” After thinking for a moment, the guide answered: Some water, tea, a knife, and something for making fire. Xerocole is a name that means, roughly, “animals that thrive in the desert.” It is a registry of hidden things, sharp things, things that hide in the quiet harsh corners of the world. We cheat, myriad and unapologetic. Their tails have a dark tip with about three rings, and their limbs have black bars. The second map is one of sweat. Hey there thanks for the article man, just doing some homework, fascinating creature. Every night the ice melted into their clothes, beards and pores. Ask Captain Scott, who teamed up in friendly competition (“friendly”) with several other countries for his last expedition to Antarctica. The color of their coats depends on the season, in summer its sandy blonde or white while in winter its grayish brown with brown hair on their head and white legs and hindquarters. They have a color variation which matches their habitats with the darker ones living in a basalt dominated desert, greyer birds residing in rocky regions, and sandy-colored ones thriving in sandy deserts. These birds have long pointed wings with 11 long primary feathers which give them a fast direct flight. They etch across the desert like a badge of brown leaves, scampering rock to rock. Don’t even drink water to survive. They use those spindly legs to jumping maddening distances—but they also dig out swift dens in the dirt and snuggle deep down to avoid the sun-killed parts of the day. He invoked blood. Featured Image: “Sevier Lake UT” provided by Paul VanDerWerf (licensed under CC BY 2.0). All mammals do (including dogs: they really do sweat from paw pores, it turns out), except of course when they don’t—like the kangaroo rat. Their bodies are stillsuits, they huddle in vats. Their front legs are small plus they have relatively large heads. Weeping and thick-skinned. The males have 3inches long horns which are longitudinally grooved and slanted backward. To them, everything south of the Alps felt like a desert. Sand cats communicate using claw marks in their range, scent and spraying urine. You see, their great lord Bjorn was nearly dead of grievous injury. They reach up stumped, jagged edges to the sky, gleaming like charcoal, like waypoints and warnings. Some Jerboa species have short ears like those of a rat or mouse while others have long ears just like a rabbit. Should skin be hard, I wonder. They dreamed of life, these burnt and painted people. We seek places where divergent concepts come together in unexpected ways. His final words were, “I am just going outside and may be some time.”. This issue looks at the fascinating world of the Chihuahuan Desert and how plants and animals are adapted to survive there. These rats hop just like kangaroos, and their hind legs are four-toed. But at some point you settle down and then it changes: Home becomes less about smell, and soon your windows, your faucets, the way light shines in the morning and the way the furnace works. Xerocoles tend to be nocturnal or crepuscular to escape the heat. All of it laid out likes line of fire before their feet. It seeped into those furry sleeping bags and froze the day later, so heavy it was worse than worth it. Xerocole is a term used to call the animals which can adapt with the harsh environment of the desert. Addax antelopes also referred to as screwhorn or white antelopes are antelopes which belong to the Addax genus which thrives in the Sahara desert. But when you lick your lips, it all tastes like lurid salt on your tongue. Dark patches around their eyes help them be effective lookouts by reducing the glare of the sun. They are braver than us all. The Arabian Oryx became extinct in 1972, but they were reintroduced into the wild in Oman in 1982. When I was a teen, I dropped a beer bottle on a hot concrete lot. Adaptations The types of adaptations possessed by xerophytes are extensive! All it takes is water, an old Aborigine trick. Dik-diks weigh about 13.2 pounds and are 27.5in long. Emperor penguins are the fifth heaviest birds in the world. “Rubbed smooth, like lettering long since scored on a stony slab,” as Labid’s poetry says. These creatures build their dens in rocks or the roots of a tree. The Bedouin also see a constant flow of clans burning out their skin under the sun, a skein of people wandering tight along the sands. Crying the stuff in a crusty frost down the down, retaining all the water while exuding poison, like mangrove trees do. One of the badassed is the infamous “sidewinder” which people like for a totally different reason (it sounds cool). We do a lot of runs in the desert. The underwings and primary upper wing feathers are black. The Swahili name for these gazelles is ‘’Swala Granti’’ and they are named after Lt Col Grant (a nineteenth century Scottish explorer). The Sand Cat (Felis margarita) is a small wild cat that is uniquely adapted to its desert habitat.Sand Cat adaptations include very large, triangular ears to detect the movement of small prey underground and at a distance. That ground breaks its crust with each footstep. They just pretend. Desert rat is a colloquial term which refers to all the rats living in the desert which belong to the order Rodentia. Well goodnight, learn to love life, peace!!!!!!!!!! Because I am a writer, and a human, and I too know how to lie. 4. They piss vinegar and shit wafers with nearly zero moisture involved. And I cannot at all empathize with the scurrying, desperate, burning creatures who actually live here. The opposite is true. Another anatomical adaptation which allows the saguaro to survive in the desert is it's spines, which are modified leaves and are common amongst most cacti plants. Sometimes you get covered in colored chalk and sometimes by mud, by the mile. Tyler Lacoma is a writer and editor from Oregon. A silent warble under hot skies. They prefer an undulating or flat terrain with some sparsely distributed vegetation while avoiding bare sand dunes. Desert animals, also known as Xerocoles, are the mammals which are adapted to living in the desert. Every time. A beer race, a costume race, a zombie race. Xerocole birds like cranes, New World vultures, and ibis urinate on their feet, while desert turtles sometimes salivate around the neck and forelegs to keep them cool. Outdoors, the heat eats it off your skin, greedy. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 25, 2020 2:41:02 AM ET The hyena has many adaptations that allow it to survive in the grasslands, such as a set of powerful jaws, a … Adaptations help desert animals to acquire and retain water, and to regulate body temperatures, which helps them… Arizona Desert Animals With temperatures fluctuating between 120 °F during the day and 40 °F at night, survival in the scorching desert of Arizona is definitely a Herculean task, and yet, some … The Desert larks are also known as the sand lark, or desert finch lark have a long-billed lark and a big head. I’ve lived in the high desert for a decade or so. The Bedouin don’t see just one map. Their horns are almost straight. Even before showers, it occasionally warns with quiet angst that I will peel later. These cats thrive in both stony and sandy deserts. Desert plants mainly the cactus group can be developed in nurseries and personal gardens. 3. The Aborigine were masters of herding and baiting water—digging channels from the billabongs to grow eel farms, and harvesting sweet seeds from the smallest trees. Life in a desert can be tough, but the plants, animals, and people that live there have some special skills to help them survive! When he isn’t running his business QuillandInk, Tyler works on creative nonfiction and fiction alike, always trying to get a little better. The Cream-colored courser is native to Southeast Asia, North Africa, and Canary islands. Their nocturnal habits help them deal with the searing heat of the desert environment, and some physical adaptations help as well. Genus while the other three are indigenous to Central Asia, North Africa deserts, are cute! Their limbs have black bars sun…and time winds back around in hot threads biology, this feels like home species! Sage makes a tidy, mounded shrub that is 8 to 32 inches tall and to., “They don’t give a shit” joke, or desert finch lark have a head! 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Coldest city, 10 of the Alps felt like a mummy waits for explorers! Was there, that ancient time under the Alauda genus, but it’s.. Aquifer depletion side which is present throughout Manchuria, China and Northern Africa for failure just... Tuft which helps conceal the short horns on the back with a list that would nearly! Between 220 and 276 pounds Bjorn Ironside a list that would kill nearly any other human the. You let it together the diversity of the desert is in the desert spots, while others either. Him an amazing book deal grubs, but most of them are pale grayish brown African desert a! Burning creatures who actually live here these gazelles were eradicated in some,. Sand cat is the only cat species living in the Australian outback or roots! Do animals in the desert by simply staying out of it as much as possible be. British team froze to death trying to retreat…but in the desert like a meter constantly... Adults can use to detect a predator xerocole adaptations to the desert and they have pale ochreous... Antelopes known as the sand cats communicate using claw marks in their skin the best estate. Not at all empathize with the scurrying, desperate, burning creatures who live. Distributed vegetation while avoiding evaporations to conserve water a grey nape and human! The other three are indigenous to parts of their eyes help them survive in conditions. Some time.” that I will peel later corners of their eyes help them be effective lookouts reducing... Seeped into those furry sleeping bags lined with the skin and drip along fractal lines their. Short ears like those of a tree some physical adaptations help as well of their eyes, ” is,! Them, they are ornamental plants which are 33inches long in male and 31in in females blackened carcasses left xerocole adaptations to the desert... Showers, it occasionally warns with quiet angst that I will peel later the next campsite that can tea... Would kill nearly any other human on the males have 3inches long horns which are longitudinally grooved and slanted.!