I carry sugar-free gum in my purse! Melatonin is to be swallowed whole like an aspirin; not chewed. The toxic dose of xylitol is 75mg/kg so he would have had to eat the whole bar, but he sure could have. However, when non-primate species like dogs eat something containing xylitol, the xylitol is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, resulting in a potent release of insulin from the pancreas. Prognosis: Excellent when the ingestion is caught early and blood sugars are monitored frequently. Xylitol is in so many things and not obviously labeled. Monitor your dog closely, and consider inducing vomiting if he has eaten melatonin with Xylitol. IF ANY xylitol WAS in the pill swallowed, your dog MUST be taken (at once) to an Emergency vet (to either have its stomach pumped or to have an antidote given) or it will go into a low blood sugar COMA & die. Xylitol is a very serious toxin for dogs. Xylitol is highly toxic to dogs. As mentioned above, if your dog eats melatonin in any dosage, you should contact animal poison control without hesitation. Not that he should be given the stuff, but really, it would take way more Xylitol than what is in one of those tablets to hurt a dog that size. At higher doses, Xylitol is … Melanonin itself should not be dangerous, but according to Google, some melanonin contains xylitol as a sweetener. Please exercise extreme caution and keep these products out of reach of your dogs. Its dosage is based on the dog’s weight in general as follows: 1 mg for less than 10lbs, 1.5mg for 11-25lbs, 3mg for 26-100lbs and 3-6mg for dogs weighing above 100lbs. Should I be concerned? WHY would xylitol be in a melatonin pill? Hmm, my very own melatonin is sweet. (In as little as 15 minutes, the blood sugar of a dog that has eaten gum containing Xylitol may register a marked drop in blood sugar.) Dogs cannot process xylitol properly. My dog ate a 5mg tablet of Melatonin today that contained Xylitol. Some of the sugar-free gums have 1 gram per piece so three of those and Casey would have been dead. I did not realize how toxic Xylitol can be to dogs and I have been panicking since I found out. Sadly, if a dog has a large dose of xylitol, there’s a possibility of liver complications down the line. This is REALLY SCARY! And this is when you accidentally give him a human melatonin pill which is sweetened with xylitol. Melatonin is used in dogs for treatment of anxiety, sleeplessness, depression, and phobias. The amount of xylitol typically found in most pet oral-care products is very small and, when used properly, is not expected to cause poisoning unless the dog ingests a very large amount. If you suspect your dog has ingested a product containing xylitol contact your veterinarian, Pet Poison Control or go to your local Animal ER right away. He seems to be acting fine. It happened approximately 12 hours ago. 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